Not only in theoretical texts, but also through the recent legislative framework of European and other countries, the realization that every region’s architectural and natural heritage must be considered as common property is clearly expressed, as well as that the wise administration of the natural and the built environment, which constitute the special cultural identity and the system of values of each region, is a necessary condition for its sustainable development.
Unfortunately, within the Greek territory, cases in which the pressure for overexploitation of the natural and the built area of historic cities results into the loss of their main value are not rare.
The historic settlement of Hydra, which the Ministry of Culture has several times listed as an area under protection, owes its cultural value to the historic and architectural value of its buildings, combined with the exceptional natural landscape. Yet, during the last years, it is being destroyed due to its unconditional development.
In order to deal with the Hydra settlement problems, a special treatment and discipline of the economic interests is required for the needs of the often-discussed sustainable development. Although suggestions in the framework of special urban planning studies have been expressed, they were never legislated, the result being that Hydra still lacks the necessary specialized urban planning protection framework, which would set the terms of the natural and man-made environment protection, as dictated by the contemporary principles of development and the imperative needs to preserve cultural and natural resources.