THE POWER OF WATER
Η ΔΥNΑMΗ ΤΟΥ ΝΕΡΟΥ
ΑΣΤΙΚΟΣ ΧΩΡΟΣ + ΑΣΤΙΚΟ ΠΡΕΣΙΝΟ / URBAN SPACE + URBAN GREEN SPACE Η ΔΥΝΑΜΗ ΤΟΥ ΝΕΡΟΥ / THE POWER OF WATER ΒΙΟΠΟΙΚΙΛΟΤΗΤΑ / ΔΙΑΠΟΛΙΤΙΣΜΙΚΟΤΗΤΑ
BIODIVERSITY / INTERCULTURALISM ΒΙΟΜΗΧΑΝΙΚΑ ΚΑΤΑΛΟΙΠΑ / INDUSTRIAL REMNANTS ΜΕΤΑΦΟΡΕΣ / TRANSPORTATIONS ΤΟΠΙΟ / LANDSCAPE    
   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
  
 
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Route: “Following” Eridanos
Stelios Lekakis, archaeologist

Eridanos was one of the rivers that irrigated the Athenian basin since prehistory together with Ilissos and Kiphisos. Its violent flux and (unstable) route through the centre of the densely populated city were the main reasons that led to its (subterranean in parts) canalization in different periods, since antiquity. Major intervention was its mud-brick vault covering, in Hadrian’s time (2nd c. AD) and its conversion to a sewer.

Today, it is one of the city’s invisible natural elements, almost unknown to the Athenians, and only indicated through subtle signs.

The article is a day’s route along Eridanos’ riverbed, describing τηε afore mentioned signs, the recently excavated remains in METRO stations (i.e. Syndagma Sq., Monastiraki) together with references drawn from the ancient writers and older excavations (i.e. in Kerameikos).

The complete article will be posted soon

16/12/2007
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Figure 1: Eridanos’ route through ancient Athens. (Map posted in the Monastiraki METRO station)
Figure 2: Eridanos’ riverbed in the METRO station of Syndagma Sq.
Figure 3: Othonos Str., viewed by the Parliament Sq.
Figure 4: Part of Mitropoleos Str.
Figure 5: Ancient remains in the METRO station of Monastiraki.
Figure 6: Eridanos’ riverbed covered (Hadrian’s period: 2nd c. AD)
Figure 7: Eridanos below the Electric Railway lines.
Figure 8: Hadrian’s Str.
Figure 9: Part of Eridanos’ built riverbed near St. Philippos’ Sq. during its excavation by the American School of Classical Studies in Athens. (Retrieved from: ΥΠΠΟ 2000, 22)
Figure 10: The manhole on Hadrian’s Str.
Figure 11: Part of the Great Drain in the ancient Agora.
Figure 12: Eridanos at the NW corner of ancient Agora and its connection with the Great Drain, Shear 1984, fig.3. (Retrieved from Ammerman 1996, 701)
Figure 13: View of Eridanos’ riverbed in the archaeological site of Kerameikos (viewed from Melidoni Str.)
Figure 14: View of the river in April in Kerameikos.
Figure 15: Eridanos’ riverbeds in Kerameikos area. (Retrieved from ΥΠΠΟ 2000, 24)
Figure 16: Eridanos’ route through Kerameikos area. (Retrieved from ΥΠΠΟ 2000, 25)