|Introductory note concerning landscape and cultural heritage|
|Konstantinos Moraitis, Architect,Associate Professor School of Architecture NTUA|
Referring to the relation of the Landscape to the term “MONUMENTA”, we have to denote, at first, as cultural heritage all systems of social relations in general, inscribed through history or transmitted through tradition. Material structures created by societies are commonly accepted as well, as integral part of cultural heritage. Going one step further, we must also accept the cultural validity of the natural environment and the cultural validity of places, where all previous elements, social relations or specific material constructions are located in a state of osmosis.
We shall describe the above mentioned ‘overall space’ substratum as Landscape, commenting that according to the European Landscape Convention the term indicates any area “as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors”. In this way, Landscape indicates the relation between societies and territories, the relation of societies with any place represented or organized through human structural activity or even classified only through mere human perception. It may correspond to territories existing beyond human settlements, or to their vicinity, or even to urban landscapes. Thus, the concept of Landscape seems central in reference to the relation between social formations and place or to the relation between civilization and culture on the one side and their environment on the other.
Contemplating landscape seems therefore a necessary prerequisite for the comprehension of any specific cultural corpus, of any national tradition or cultural heritage. However, the Greek landscape, in the frame of the modern and the contemporary history, seems to surpass its restricted geographical limits and develops an emblematic significance for western civilization in general. It has been considered by western societies as their primordial landscape, wherefrom modern civilization and what is more modern western democracy originate.
|Transforming Pikrodafnis Stream into an active Urban Biotope. An Urban Landscape Intervention in the metropolitan area of Athens. |
Diploma Project at the School of Architecture of NTUA - November 2011. Students: A. Androulakakis, T. Tzanavara. Supervisors: M. Markou-Lecturer, K. Moraitis-Associate Professor.
|A presentation of the “structural” use of planting, according to the master plan of the first formation of the National Garden of Athens. During the first period of its creation, the National Garden may be considered as a cultural and political statement for the participation of the newly established Greek State to the Western European world. |
Credit: Research Program for the Upgrade of the national Garden. Athens Prefecture – National Technical Univ. of Athens (NTUA). Athens, 2009-2010. In the architectural team of research participated G. Parmenidis, Professor NTUA, A. Vozani, Lecturer NTUA and a number of post graduate students of the School of Architecture NTUA. J. Polyzos, Professor NTUA and P. Tournikiotis, Professor NTUA also participated as responsible for historical and urban research respectively.
The general documentation of the Research Program was organized by a number of Professors of NTUA, of various scientific disciplines. Responsible for the Research Program: Professor K. Moutzouris, Rector of NTUA. General Research organization: K. Moraitis.
|A building designed as a part of the surrounding landscape.|
Participation in the International Architectural Competition, for the building of the Reception Services for the visitors of the Giant’s Causeway territory in Ireland – 2008. Project team: Μ. Voreakou, S. Mavrommati, A. Moraiti, Κ. Μoraitis.
|In Odysseas Elytis’ collage works the references to the Greek antiquity, the byzantine memory and the expression of the folk culture coexist, projected all of them on the common background of the island landscape of Cyclades. Credit: Website dornac.over-blog.com|